The Department of Education (DepEd) issues the enclosed Career Guidance Program (CGP) for School Year 2021-2022 which aims to establish guidelines and procedures for its implementation.
The CGP aims to guide secondary level students in choosing career tracks that they intend to pursue through informed career choices towards becoming productive and contributing individuals as stated in RA 10533 otherwise known as the Basic Education Act of 2013.
This document shall guide all stakeholders in planning, implementing, monitoring, and evaluating the CGP for S.Y. 2021-2022.
This is issued pursuant to Memorandum No. 00-0520-0030 s. 2020 from the Office of the Undersecretary for Administration (OUA), issued in May 2020, and the Joint Memorandum issued on September 21, 2020 by the OUA, the Office of the Undersecretary for Curriculum and Instruction (OUCI), and the Office of the Undersecretary for Field Operations (OUFO) on the Announcement of the Transfer of Management and Supervision of the Career Guidance Program to Curriculum and Instruction Strand, hence, the issuance of the Career Guidance Program (CGP) for S.Y. 2021-2022.
This shall be implemented in all public elementary and secondary schools nationwide for S.Y. 2021-2022.
Immediate dissemination of and strict compliance with this Memorandum is directed.
Table of Contents
DepEd Career Guidance Program for SY 2021-2022
Republic Act No. 11206 otherwise known as the Secondary Career Guidance and Counseling Act of 2019 aims to: a) to institutionalize career guidance and counseling program for students in all public and private secondary schools nationwide in order to provide them with proper direction in pursuing subsequent tertiary education; (b) to equip secondary education students with the capability to make educated career decisions and expose them to relevant labor markets; and (c) to ensure that graduates of tertiary education meet the requirements of the government, industry, and the economy.
Rule V of the Implementing Rules and Regulations of the Basic Education Act of 2013 states that the Department of Education (DepEd) is mandated to properly guide secondary level students in choosing career tracks that they intend to pursue through informed career choices towards becoming productive and contributing individuals, through (a) integration of career concepts in the curriculum and teaching in relevant learning areas; (b) conduct of career assessments; (c) conduct of regular career advocacy activities; (d) conduct of continuous professionalization and capacity building of guidance counselors, career advocates, and peer facilitators; (e) development or accreditation of training programs on career advocacy; (f) establishment of a career advocacy unit and provision of adequate office space in high schools; and (g) designation of guidance supervisors at the division level and career advocates at the school level.
In view of the above, this Memorandum aims to establish procedures that will guide all stakeholders in planning, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of the Career Guidance Program for S.Y. 2021-2022.
This Career Guidance Program shall be applicable in all public elementary and secondary schools for S.Y. 2021-2022.
Definition of Terms
Career Guidance Program
Career Guidance Program is designed to help learners explore their choices and make responsible decisions relevant to career pathing. These include planning for their track and strand for Senior High School, choosing their curriculum exits (Higher Education, Employment, Entrepreneurship, and Middle-Level Skills Development), and planning for their future.
Career Development Domain
Career Development Domain pertains to all occupational and the world of work-related concerns and issues of learners. This involves the acquisition of skills, attitudes, and knowledge that enable them to make a successful transition from school to the world of work, and from job to job across their life span. This includes but is not limited to learners’ discovery of their interests, talents, and skills, decision-making, problem-solving, planning, and exploring their career options and opportunities (based on DM 155 s. 2020).
Homeroom Guidance is a comprehensive, developmental and proactive program designed to equip K to 12 learners with life skills in three domains: Academic Development, Personal, and Social Development, and Career Development (based on DM 155 s. 2020).
Career Guidance Portfolio
Career Guidance Portfolio is a collection of learner’s outputs (in hard or electronic copy) showing his/her progress in career development. This may include a summary of the assessment taken, journal entries, activity sheets, and other relevant output.
Curriculum Exits refer to higher education, employment, entrepreneurship, and middle-level skills development.
Higher Education is one of the curriculum exits which SHS learners may opt to pursue after graduation leading to an associate or bachelor’s degree. This is also referred to as tertiary education, college degree, or post-secondary education.
Employment is one of the curriculum exits which SHS learners may opt to pursue after graduation leading to a paid work or job. This is also referred to as occupation.
Entrepreneurship is one of the curriculum exits which SHS learners may opt to pursue after graduation leading to developing, organizing and managing one’s own business venture.
Middle-Level Skills Development
Middle-Level Skills Development is one of the curriculum exits which SHS learners may opt to pursue after graduation leading to further training in technical-vocational education.
DepEd issues this document to ensure the proper implementation of the Career Guidance Program for S.Y. 2021-2022. This aims to:
a. ensure the continuity of the career development process;
b. employ a systematic set of activities and procedures in the implementation of the career guidance program; and
c. establish support mechanisms that contribute to the attainment of the Department’s career guidance program.
The Department of Education, with its strong commitment to deliver quality education, hereby presents the following specific components of the Career Guidance Program for S.Y. 2021-2022 which shall be governed and guided by the following:
Career Guidance Program
Career Guidance Orientation
Career Guidance Orientation aims to provide relevant information on the procedures and activities related to the Career Guidance Program. This year, all career guidance orientations shall be held online or through other modalities compliant to the health and safety standards of the Inter-Agency Task Force (IATF).
|National Level Orientation on the Implementation of Career Guidance Program||Regional Supervisors in-charge of Career Guidance||Microsoft Teams|
|September 27-onward||Regional Orientation on the Implementation Career Guidance Program||Division Supervisors and Division Guidance Designates,|
SDS, ASDS and
PSDS, School Heads
|October 4-onward||Division Orientation on the Implementation of Career Guidance Program||Guidance|
Counselors/Guidance Designates/Career Guidance Advocates, Teachers/Class Advisers
|Depending on the|
|October 18 -onward||School Orientation on the Implementation of Career Guidance Program||Parents and learners||Depending on the|
Career Guidance Learning Materials
|Grade Level||Career Guidance Material||File Location||Suggested Schedule|
|Career guidance competencies are included in the Homeroom Guidance self-learning modules.||DepEd Learning Resource Portal||September|
2021 to July
(Q1 – Q4)
Development Video developed by DepEd and UNILAB Foundation
|DepEd Learning Resource Portal||September|
2021 – January
|Grade 10||Supplementary Materials: 1. Multiple Career Development Pathways (MCDP) Toolkit from SEAMEO Innotech||DepEd Learning Resource Portal||September|
2021 – March
|SHS Tracks and Strands Video developed by DepEd-BCD and SEAMEO Innotech||DepEd Learning Resource Portal||September|
2021 – March
|Grade 11 and|
|Career guidance learning materials will be adapted from the existing Career|
Guidance Teacher’s Manual for Senior High School.
|DepEd Learning Resource Portal Refer to the Career Guidance Learning Plan (see Annex A) for the specific modules and activity sheets.||November|
2021 – July
(Q2 – Q4)
|Supplementary Materials provided by DOLE, DOST, CHED, TESDA and other partner agencies may be included as a supplementary material for S.Y. 2021-2022||To be announced||September 2021- July|
Printing and distribution of Career Guidance learning resources may be charged against local or any available funds/downloaded from the Central Office.
Career Guidance Portfolio
Career Guidance outputs shall be compiled in the Career Guidance Portfolio. This must contain the following:
- Accomplished activity sheets
- Copy of academic grades
- Assessment results
- Activity outputs relevant to Career Guidance
Learners may create a physical (hardcopy) portfolio, using durable materials that can withstand common elements (e.g. long folder, fastener, plastic envelope, clear book or other materials available at home) or an electronic (softcopy) portfolio or e-portfolio. This portfolio will be utilized until they finish Senior High School.
Career Counseling and Consultation
Career Counseling is the process of assisting learners with their career development by helping them plan, organize, and decide on their life and career goals. A Registered Guidance Counselor (RGC) shall conduct career counseling to learners by following the existing ethical and legal provisions for its practice, and health and safety standards set by the IATF.
Career Consultation is the process of assisting learners by providing relevant information about different curriculum exits, courses, specializations, opportunities, and other information that can guide them in selecting their career path. This may be given preferably by an RGC or a Career Guidance Advocate (Annex B. Procedure in conducting Career Consultation).
Curriculum Exit Tracking System
All schools shall ensure to account all their graduates for S.Y. 2021-2022 including their chosen curriculum exit using the link https://bit.ly/CurrExitTracking. The link shall be opened two weeks before the school year ends and shall be closed after a month. The generated data will be used for policy or curricular reforms.
The School Head shall:
- designate Career Guidance Advocates for S.Y. 2021-2022;
- lead the implementation of the Career Guidance Program including supervision and monitoring of school career guidance activities;
- conduct orientation for teachers, learners, and parents on Career Guidance Program;
- allocate budget for the materials and other related expenses for the conduct of the program; and
- submit the School Career Guidance Program Implementation Report (Annex C) to the Division EsP Supervisor.
The Guidance Counselor shall:
- assist the School Head in the over-all implementation of the school career guidance activities;
- provide technical assistance to career advocates on the implementation of school career guidance activities; and
- provide counseling and referral services when necessary (in accordance to RA 9258, Guidance and Counseling Law of 2004).
The Career Guidance Advocate shall:
- facilitate the printing and distribution of learning materials and other supplementary materials on career guidance;
- disseminate information for the learners, such as Senior High School tracks and strands offered in the division, labor market information, schools and courses for college, technical courses for middle level skills development and entrepreneurship-related programs, and materials that the learners may utilize;
- conduct career consultation as deemed necessary; and
- facilitate the completion and submission of all documents relevant to the career guidance program.
Schools Division Office
The Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao (EsP) Supervisor of the Curriculum Implementation Division (CID) shall:
- lead the division implementation of Career Guidance Program;
- coordinate with the School Governance and Operations Division for the turnover of Career Guidance Program documents and budget allocation for S.Y. 2021-2022;
- provide schools with relevant and updated information relative to the conduct of career guidance activities, such as tracks and strands offering in the division, labor market information, schools and courses for college education, technical courses for the middle level skills development, certification process/guidelines and entrepreneurship-related programs, and materials that learners may utilize;
- provide career guidance learning materials and supplementary materials for the schools;
- establish linkages with other government offices, NGOs, and groups relevant to the conduct of career guidance activities;
- support, monitor, and evaluate the conduct of career guidance activities; and submit the Division Career Guidance Implementation Report (Annex D) to the Regional Office.
The Curriculum and Learning Management Division (CLMD), through the Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao (EsP) Supervisor, shall:
- support Career Guidance Program activities;
- ensure proper implementation of the Career Guidance Program through monitoring and evaluation;
- provide technical assistance to Division Supervisors through orientation, training, and capacity-building activities;
- submit the Regional Career Guidance Implementation Report (Annex E) to the National Office.
The Curriculum and Instruction Strand shall lead the implementation of the Career Guidance Program starting S.Y. 2021-2022
- The Bureau of Curriculum Development leads the planning, preparation, implementation, and monitoring of the Career Guidance Program. BCD shall develop Career Guidance learning competencies and learning materials in coordination with the Bureau of Learning Resources.
- The Bureau of Learning Resources shall ensure accessibility and quality of the Career Guidance learning materials and their compliance to the standards of the Department of Education.
- The Bureau of Learning Delivery shall support the planning, preparation, implementation, and monitoring of the Career Guidance Program.
Schools shall include all expenses relative to Career Guidance in their Annual School Improvement Plan and in accordance to the provisions stipulated in the Joint Memorandum issued on September 21, 2020 (Annex F).
Non-implementation or improper implementation of Career Guidance shall be subject to existing applicable administrative actions.
Monitoring and Evaluation
The Bureau of Curriculum Development, together with the Curriculum and Learning Management Division (CLMD) and Curriculum Implementation Division (CID), shall monitor and evaluate compliance to the provisions stipulated in this issuance. For questions, clarifications and recommendations you may call the Bureau of Curriculum Development office landline at (02) 8632-7746.
This policy shall take effect immediately upon publication on the DepEd website. Immediate dissemination of and strict compliance with this Memorandum is directed.
DepEd Order No. 13 s. 2015 Establishment of a Policy Development Process at the Department of Education
DepEd Order No. 30 S. 2020
DepEd Order No. 29 S. 2021 – DepEd School Calendar for S.Y. 2021-2022
Joint Memorandum on the Announcement of Transfer of Management and Supervision of the Career Guidance Program issued on September 21, 2020
Memorandum from the Office of the Undersecretary for Administration (OUA) No. 000520-0030 s. 2020 Transfer of Management and Supervision of the Career Guidance Program to the Curriculum and Instruction Strand issued on May 2020.
RA 10533 Enhanced Basic Education Law
RA 11206 Secondary School Career Guidance and Counseling Act.
RA 9258 Guidance and Counseling Act of 2004
|DepEd Counseling and Referral System for Learners for School Year 2021-2022||Read|
|DepEd Procedures in Conducting Career Consultation||Read|
|DepEd School Career Guidance Implementation Report Form||Read|
|DepEd Revised Implementation of Homeroom Guidance for School Year 2021-2022||Read|
|DepEd Homeroom Guidance Class Observation Tool for School Year 2021-2022||Read|
|DepEd Homeroom Guidance School Implementation Tool (School Level)||Read|
|DepEd Homeroom Guidance Division Monitoring and Evaluation Tool||Read|
|DepEd Homeroom Guidance Regional Monitoring and Evaluation Tool||Read|
|DepEd Kindergarten Homeroom Guidance Learner’s Development Assessment||Read|
|DepEd Grade 1-3 Homeroom Guidance Learner’s Development Assessment||Read|
|DepEd Grade 4-6 Homeroom Guidance Learner’s Development Assessment||Read|
|DepEd Junior High School Homeroom Guidance Learner’s Development Assessment||Read|
|DepEd Senior High School Homeroom Guidance Learner’s Development Assessment||Read|
What is CGP in DepEd? ›
The Department of Education (DepEd) issues the enclosed Career Guidance Program (CGP) for School Year 2021-2022 which aims to establish guidelines and procedures for its implementation.What is the objective of the career guidance for students? ›
Career guidance helps people to reflect on their ambitions, interests, qualifications and abilities. It helps them to understand the labour market and education systems, and to relate this to what they know about themselves.What is career guidance for students? ›
Career Guidance is a counselling programme designed to help students choose the right career path based on their educational and professional choices. It is a qualitative and quantitative assessment of the knowledge, skills, information, and experience to identify career options available.What is career guidance orientation? ›
Career guidance is the guidance given to individuals to help them acquire the knowledge, information, skills, and experience necessary to identify career options, and narrow them down to make one career decision. This career decision then results in their social, financial and emotional well-being throughout.Why is career orientation important? ›
Students need career guidance to explore and plan for future career endeavors based on their individual interests, skills and values. Participation in career guidance enhances linkage of academic and career experiences and thus, improves career preparation and management.Which grade should students introduce introduction to career guidance? ›
Career guidance after 12th will help the students to develop a general understanding of how the future opportunities have benefits and impacts on social, financial, and personal life.What are some career goals examples? ›
- Increase professional knowledge and training. ...
- Increase earnings. ...
- Improve low-functioning work processes or relationships. ...
- Have new experiences. ...
- Attain a leadership role.
The main aim of career counseling is to help students and professionals choose a field that is in tune with their skills and their job expectations. Thus, with professional help, most candidates end up choosing the right career and perform their level best, which ultimately helps them succeed.What 3 things are most important to you in a career? ›
There are three key employer characteristics a job seeker should look for in an employment relationship: reputation, career advancement and work balance. These often show up in employment surveys as being most important for candidates.How do I choose a career essay? ›
Firstly, always assess yourself thoroughly. You must understand your area of interest to choose a career. For instance, someone who dances well can surely become a doctor, but his interest will always be in dance. Thus, ensure that you have the caliber to perform well in the field you choose.
How do I choose my career? ›
- Examine yourself. ...
- Reflect on your motivations. ...
- Think about your long-term goals. ...
- Take different self-assessment tests. ...
- Explore sectors. ...
- Explore industries. ...
- Seek out professional resources. ...
- Explore career options on your list.
These organizations include business firms, labour unions, professional societies, trade associations, and educational institutions. Above all, these organizations offer a huge variety of inexpensive career materials.What questions should I ask my career counselor? ›
- What can I do with my major? ...
- How should I write my resume and cover letter? ...
- What should I expect from my next interview? ...
- How can I improve my online presence? ...
- Where can I find a job/internship in my field? ...
- How can I master networking?
Career counseling can be seen as a specific application of counseling psychology. At. its core, counseling psychology is about supporting people to improve the assessment of. themselves, their environment, and their current challenges as well as optimizing their. experiences and their behavior (Gelso & Fretz, 2001).How do you consider the steps to successful career planning and preparation? ›
- Step 1: Explore Career Options. ...
- Step 2: Conduct Field Research. ...
- Step 3: Determine Your Job Target. ...
- Step 4: Build Your Credentials and Resume. ...
- Step 5: Prepare for Your Job Search. ...
- Step 6: Launch Your Job Search.
- Enlist a career day planning team to organize and carry out major tasks.
- Determine how many students will attend. ...
- Develop a master schedule for the event.
- Invite guest speakers at least three months in advance and provide a formal invitation explaining and highlighting the event.
- Surround yourself with positive people. ...
- Fill your mind with positive input. ...
- Control your language. ...
- Create a routine for the day. ...
- Be nice to other people. ...
- Don't rely on an outside source of positivity. ...
- Create high points in each day and week.
Career guidance helps learners understand their strengths and weaknesses and then match them with their skills and interests so that they can get the best suitable career choice. The main purpose of career guidance is for learners to make educational, training and occupational choices.How much career Guide is important in now a days? ›
Career guidance help students understand their strengths and weaknesses and then match them with their skills and interest so that they get the best suitable career choice. One wrong choice can not only cost a lot of money but also amount to waste of some precious years.At what age should a child decide his career path? ›
Modern parents think children should ideally be starting their future career path at the age of 5 and a half years old, according to new research. The study of 2,000 parents of school-aged children found more than half (56%) even have a specific career in mind for their child already.
What age should kids start thinking about careers? ›
And 10 to 13-year-olds could be encouraged to think about a future career in business by arranging more school visits by business people, he added.At what age should you decide your career? ›
20's. Now is the time to find a job in the field where you'd like to pursue a career. “There are many things to consider, but the most important issues is to consider a job that you actually like, whether it is in your major or not,” Stovall says. It's also a good idea to start establishing your individuality.What is your career goal answer? ›
Career goals are targets. Things, positions, situations related to your professional life that you have set your mind on achieving. They can be short-term, like getting a promotion or certification, or they can be long-term, like running your own successful business or being an executive at your dream company.What are the 5 smart goals examples? ›
- Specific: I will learn new sales techniques to increase sales at work.
- Measurable: My goal is to double my sales in four months.
- Attainable: I've been a sales associate for two years now. ...
- Relevant: I want to feel more confident at my job and learn new skills.
What are SMART goals? The SMART in SMART goals stands for Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, and Time-Bound. Defining these parameters as they pertain to your goal helps ensure that your objectives are attainable within a certain time frame.What are the purposes of career guidance and counseling? ›
Career guidance and counseling programs help individuals acquire the knowledge, skills, and experience necessary to identify options, explore alternatives and succeed in society.Why is career counseling important in schools? ›
Career counseling is the process of guiding students on the path to self-discovery and self-realization, working with them patiently, supporting them as they weed out self-doubt and make surer decisions based on their interests, leading to long-term satisfaction with their choices and a life lived with purpose.Why is counselling and career guidance important in today's life? ›
Career counselling not only helps in making you a great personality but it will help you to make you a more organized and a better person by various modern methods. Helps in gaining Right skill. Career counselling helps you to gain focus which can truly reflect in our deeds & work.How will you describe yourself? ›
Words to Describe Yourself in an Interview.
What questions do they ask during interview? ›
- Tell me about yourself.
- Walk me through your resume.
- How did you hear about this position?
- Why do you want to work at this company?
- Why do you want this job?
- Why should we hire you?
- What can you bring to the company?
- What are your greatest strengths?
- 1 COMMUNICATION SKILLS (LISTENING, SPEAKING AND WRITING) ...
- 2 ANALYTICAL AND RESEARCH SKILLS. ...
- 3 FLEXIBILITY/ADAPTABILITY. ...
- 4 INTERPERSONAL ABILITIES. ...
- 5 ABILITY TO MAKE DECISIONS AND SOLVE PROBLEMS. ...
- 6 ABILITY TO PLAN, ORGANISE AND PRIORITISE WORK. ...
- 7 ABILITY TO WEAR MULTIPLE HATS. ...
- 8 LEADERSHIP/MANAGEMENT SKILLS.
- Start writing early —the earlier the better. ...
- Keep the essay question in mind. ...
- Don't try to write an essay from beginning to end, especially not in a single sitting. ...
- Write the introduction and conclusion after the body. ...
- Use 'signpost' words in your writing. ...
- Integrate your evidence carefully.
Ideally, your answer should also emphasize the unique skills and values that you can offer the employer (and which other job candidates may lack). Make sure that your definition of success requires a desirable talent that you possess, be it teamwork, empathy for others, self-motivation, or other valued soft skills.Why did you choose this career Sample answer? ›
'I see the role as a way of developing my career in a forward-thinking/well-established company/industry as…' 'I feel I will succeed in the role because I have experience in/softs skills that demonstrate/ I've taken this course…' 'I believe my skills are well-suited to this job because…”Which career is best for future? ›
- Data Scientist. Due to the increasing amount of data that organizations collect, the field of data science is becoming more popular. ...
- Data Analyst. ...
- Blockchain Developer. ...
- Digital Marketer. ...
- Cloud Computing Professional. ...
- AI and ML Engineer. ...
- MBA Manager. ...
- Software Developer.
The Curriculum Management Process (CMP) is fundamentally concerned with effective teaching and learning. The process consists of managing what students are expected to learn, evaluating whether or not it was learned, and seeking ways to improve student learning.What are the competencies of K to 12 curriculum guide? ›
The K to 12 graduate is equipped with the following 21st century skills: (1) information, media and technology skills; (2) learning and innovation skills; (3) communication skills; and (4) life and career skills.What is learning area standard? ›
Learning standards are concise, written descriptions of what students are expected to know and be able to do at a specific stage of their education.What are the 4 strands in SHS? ›
There are four Academic Track strands, namely Accountancy Business and Management (ABM), General Academic Strand (GAS), Humanities and Social Sciences (HUMSS), and the Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) strands.
What are the 3 types of curriculum? ›
What are the three models of curriculum design? There are three models of curriculum design: subject-centered, learner-centered, and problem-centered design. Subject-centered curriculum design revolves around a particular subject matter or discipline, such as mathematics, literature or biology.What are the 5 types of curriculum? ›
The five basic types of curriculum are Traditional, Thematic, Programmed, Classical, and Technological. The most used curriculum can be found within these broader categories.What is the purpose of curriculum management? ›
The purpose of curriculum management is to help ensure that all students will get the most out of their education. The more global goal of curriculum management is for students to use all the knowledge and skills they have learned to contribute to society in a meaningful and beneficial way.How can K-12 program help the senior high school graduates? ›
The program prevents job mismatch by meeting the skill requirements and standards. Graduates of the 12-year basic courses will gain the needed skills to work and pass the College Readiness Standards for further studies and future employment.How will the K to 12 program help students intending to pursue higher education? ›
K to 12 graduates should have higher earning potential as they will be more competent and skilled. As a result of the K to 12 Program, particularly the more specialized education in Senior High School, CHED is exploring the possibility of decreasing the number of years of certain degree programs in college.What are the five components of K to 12 curriculum guide? ›
These are Languages, Literature, Communication, Mathematics, Philosophy, Natural Sciences, and Social Sciences.What are the 5 learning areas in basic education? ›
- Language & Literacy. Children develop their expressive and receptive language skills, through their daily interactions with adults and other children. ...
- Social Studies. ...
- The Arts. ...
- Mathematics. ...
- Scientific Thinking.
- Personal, Social and Emotional Development. ...
- Communication and Language. ...
- Physical Development. ...
- Literacy. ...
- Mathematics. ...
- Understanding of the World. ...
- Expressive Arts and Design.
Science and Math have always been considered difficult subjects, which means having a strand that is focused on the two is difficult as well.” STEM students are expected to produce several researches that may be quantitative, qualitative, language based or scientific.What is the best strand for SHS? ›
These said, HUMSS is best for students who want to pursue Education, Mass Communication, Theater Arts, AB English, Political Science, and other related courses. Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM). STEM strand teaches the students about the basics of science, technology, engineering, and math.
Can I change my strand in Grade 12? ›
To simply put it, YES, you can switch senior high school strand. Just like college, students have a choice in determining the track that they want to specialize in. But it is not that simple–there are a lot of considerations that students must take in order to make this decision.